|.||The following brief notes are of
the life, ancestors and descendants of George Richard
Holland. He was born into a pioneering Victorian family in
1889. He was raised on the family farm at Borung, near
Bendigo, Victoria. In his twenties he moved to
Ballarat where he met his bride to be, Veronica Hayhoe. They
married and soon moved to Melbourne. George operated his
bicycle and radio retailing business in Footscray, lived and
raised his family in Middle Park. He served the community in
many roles including Mayor of the City of South Melbourne.
|The Holland family were farmers from Cheshire & Staffordshire area of England. The IGI records note many Holland families active back to the 16th century. Much more early detail is provided in The Spreading Family Tree (1994) by Clarence & Joyce Nicholls. The original is held by the Genealogical Society of Victoria. They acknowledge assistance from many others. Below is an outline of the known ancestors.|
Henshalls Cottage, North Rode, Cheshire
Anna Nixon 1706-
|Yew Tree Farm||Woodford|
|Jasper Holland 1746-1830
Elizabeth Wellings 1740-1822
|Maley Pole Farm||Gawsworth|
Ann (Nancy) Rigby 1789-1860
|Henshall's Cottage||North Rode|
|Email extract from Susan
...I have been looking through some of the family photo's that I have and thought you might like a copy I hope scanning them works if not please get back to me . We have a picture of Hardy Farm which was farmed in the family they were tenant farmers, the farm originally being part of the Bromley-Davenport estate who also owned Yew Tree Farm. They were one of the big land owning families, although there has been a farm on this site of Hardy for along time 14,15 century.
You might like to know that a little way down from Yew Tree Farm and opposite the church stands a pub the Davenport Arms, locally known as the Thieves Neck, as the coat of arms of the Davenport family shows a mans head with a rope around the neck, the men in the family Holland certainly drank here including my Husband John.
The second picture is taken from a newspaper and may not be of good quality this shows Yew Tree Farm, the figures in the photo cannot be identified but must be some of the family. The article and information was given by Norman Worthington another member of the family. I have also included a photo of Joseph Holland and his wife Anne, he was one of George's sons and farmed at Hardy Farm. The other picture again from a newspaper shows all of George's family, George being your Joseph's brother....
|Joseph HOLLAND, son of John
Holland and Nancy Rigby was born 9 Nov 1829 in North
Rode, Cheshire, England. He died 5 Sept 1920 at
Woodstock-on-Loddon, Victoria, Australia. Married 6 Sept
1853 at St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, NSW.
Bridget CASSIDY, daughter of Joseph (possibly Andrew) Cassidy was born 1831 in County Cavan, Ireland, died 19 August 1896 at Woodstock-on-Loddon. They both were buried at Newbridge cemetery. Bridget, assisted immigrant and orphan arrived in Sydney aboard the DIGBY in 1849 aged eighteen years.
Joseph had run away to sea whilst in his teens and went to America spending some time working on the California goldfields and the Panama railway construction which began in 1850. He was one of the 300 whites amongst a labour force of 1590 men. Hundreds died of cholera, dysentery, fever, smallpox etc. Many more suffering of melancholia, an after effect of malaria, committed suicide. He is said to be the only white of the original crew to survive. His own account is supported by facts in the publication "The Path Between the Seas - The Creation of the Panama Canal 1870-1914" by David McCollough 1977. He signed on as a crew member of a ship destined for Australia. He was stranded for sometime in Tahiti, when he missed the ship. He caught a later ship and proceeded to Sydney where he and others deserted in 1952.
After their marriage Joseph and Bridget sailed to Port Phillip. They set off immediately for the Bendigo diggings having engaged a driver of a horse and dray to take their luggage and possessions to the fields however these were lost along the way. They made a home a California Gully and without much luck on the diggings built the California Hotel on the Upper road and resided there. In 1859 they turned to farming.
With his long time friend from the California
goldfield days, John Brown, they brought blocks of
land at the first sale in the Woodstock-on-Loddon
area. They lived there on Smokey creek for the rest of
their days raising their children - three who had been
born in Bendigo and the others at Woodstock. Joseph
and his friend John Brown were very close friends and
it is reported that throughout their lives remained
almost inseparable. The first land was sold for two
pounds an acre. Whilst engaged in mining Joseph built
the first puddling machine in California Gully. The
first school in the Woodstock area was in the kitchen
of the Holland home and then later in Brown's paddock
Little is known of Bridget's family from Dublin. The
history of Ireland and the migration of orphans and
young women is well documented. As with all our
predecessors they did not keep diaries and most of the
oral history has been lost with the years.
In 1992 my mother, Gloria (Holland) Andrews and
I visited Clarence Holland in Bendigo. He took the
time to drive us around to point out several
significant "Holland" sites. Bendigo was known then as
Sandhurst, and California Gully was a suburb. The
California Hotel mentioned was on the north corner of
Upper California Gully Road and Speedy Street. It is
long since gone. A modest house now occupies the site.
Position of grave, approx 36°44'45.12" S 143°56'20.60" E
California Gold Rushes
Irish Potato Famine
Recent photos from Woodstock-On-Loddon
An extract of Shipping records showing Bridget Cassidy's entry
Kevin Stokes passed on research done by his late
brother Greg into the Stokes Family. They descend from
the marriage of William Holland and Adelaide Kerslake.
Their only child was Rose Ellen Holland
...... but at this point I should
probably go over Rose Ellen Holland’s background.
Rose was born on the 13th of December, 1894 at 22 Canning Street, North Melbourne. This terrace house is still standing today. Her parents were William and Ada Holland. This was Ada’s second marriage. Her first was to cousin William Kerslake. This marriage produced three children, one of whom was Bert Kerslake, otherwise known to us as Uncle Bert. Some may remember him from the days that he was living with Joan Henderson in Bendigo.
William Kerslake was a wealthy
farmer in Devonshire who was encouraged to move from
England to Australia by his doctor to improve his
health. He suffered from Rheumatic Fever and he was
not expected to survive another English winter.
William gained employment as the manager of the
Woodstock-On-Loddon dairy, which supplied most of
Bendigo’s fresh milk at the time. William died on the
7th of February, 1892. Ada would probably have known
William Holland during this time, as the Hollands were
a well established family in the Woodstock area. Ada
and William Holland married in Melbourne on the 16th
of March, 1894. William Holland worked as a fireman on
the Victorian Railways and died in 1896. After his
death, Ada moved back to Woodstock with Bert and Rose,
living with Ada’s father in law. (Joseph Holland ?..as
mentioned in the adjacent press clipping. See the
photo below, could this be Joseph Holland's house?)
At around 1920, Ada and Bert moved to a farm at Yarraberb. Ada died on the 10th of September, 1951 and Bert died on the 29th of June, 1980. Both are buried in Bendigo........
A young Joan Stokes is pictured
with Rose and her mother, Ada Holland.
|JOSEPH CLARKE was born
in Ireland, and died 1880 in Yackandandah Vic.. He
married MARY LYNCH 1822 in Mallow Cork Ireland, daughter
of RICHARD LYNCH and LUCY THOMAS. She was born
1794 in Mallow Cork Ireland, and died 1 September 1873
in Clear Creek.
Joseph and his family arrived Port Jackson N.S.W. about 1836/7 He was a Soldier in 80th Staffordshire Volunteers Regiment The regiment went to Malta then Ireland where they were stationed in Mallow then Parramatta. It is thought that they came out on a convict ship. This has to be confirmed. He is mentioned on roll call 1836 - 1837 as a private. The last listing of his name found 1843. His regimental number is 1235. It seems that Joseph either took a position with the New South Wales Police force as a constable or took money and land when he decided to stay in Australia.
80th (Staffordshire Volunteers) Regiment of Foot, 1836-1844 (note recent email below suggesting different regiment for our Joseph Clarke )
Before serving in
Australia the 80th Regiment was stationed in Ireland
following many years of service in Malta. Assembling
in Cork before embarkation, the Regiment was divided
into seventeen detachments, which were assigned to
convict ships. These detachments sailed at various
dates between 13th November 1836 and 18th December
1838. The Regimental Headquarters of the 80th was
first established at Sydney but was later moved to
Parramatta. The Regiment provided a number of officers
and fifty-six of its rank and file for Mounted Police
duties. Detachments were hosted to most of the
stations and outstations including Norfolk Island
where the men faced the task of putting down a convict
riot. In April1840 a detachment embarked for the Bay
of Islands to become the first British Troops to be
stationed in New Zealand. A number of these troops
were present, as a military escort, at the signing of
the Treaty of Waitangi. The detachment remained in New
Zealand until November 1843 when it returned to Sydney
to join the main body of the Regiment which was
preparing to embark for India. The 80th is the only
British Regiment to have served in New Zealand which
does not include the battle honour 'New Zealand' on
its colours because it took no part in Maori wars.
Notes for MARY
MCANANLY: Mary Baptised Parish of Wollongong
County of Camden by John Brettell
Email from Kristin, March 2021
Greetings from a distant cousin: our common ancestors are Joseph Clarke and Mary Lynch from Ireland.
I don’t believe the Joseph Clark of the 80th regiment is our Joseph Clarke. The Joint Copying Project includes a copy of the nominal roll for the 80th Regiment, which you can access at: https://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-2387602747/view. You will see that this Joseph Clark is rather younger than our ancestor – and he comes from Oxfordshire rather than Ireland.
I think the story about our Joseph
Clarke is basically correct: he was a soldier,
but he served in the 28th (North Gloucestershire)
Regiment of Foot. Thus the details of his
service are a little different (he was discharged on
1 April 1840). It is worth seeing if you can
find a baptism record for his son Richard – which
mentions his father as being in the 28th
Regiment. The muster rolls and pay records for
the 28th Regiment are also worth perusing,
especially in late 1839 and early 1840, when there
were 2 Joseph Clarkes serving in NSW. Look for
the pencil entries at the far right of the entries..
I also noticed from Ancestry that others believe that Lucy (second youngest of Joseph Clarke's children) was born at Cox's /Cox's River, NSW. One of the 28th Regiment's Joseph Clarke's was stationed there at that time.Thank you Kristin
Link to pages showing record of Joseph Clarke, 28th Regiment
|Daniel CLARKE was born in Cork, Ireland in
about 1831. The family story is he came from Sydney
where his father Joseph CLARKE was a soldier. His
death certificate lists his father as a farmer. He may
have come to Melbourne from Sydney on the Gazelle in
The 1850s were the time of the great goldrush in Victoria. Prospectors swarmed all over Victoria searching for their fortune. Daniel started mining at Beechworth with his brother. He is next noted as a carter at Bridgewater in 1853, later a miner and farmer. In 1854 he was in Ironbark and then Sandy Creek. and then noted at Arnold ('s Bridge) in 1873.
Margaret Maroney came from Clare, Ireland. Her father, Thomas, is noted as a farmer. It seems she worked initially, at the Sarah Sands Hotel (in Sydney Rd. Brunswick).
She married Daniel Clarke at St Francis Melbourne in 1854. Her address at the time was Pentridge (not the gaol but the now suburb of Coburg); his was Tarringower (near Maldon). They traveled to gold fields by bullock dray. They finally settled on a farm at Arnold. The property was in Rheola Road, on the south side, about 2 kilometres west of Arnold. The farmhouse is gone with the land consolidated into surrounding properties. In 1993 a few stones and a pepper tree survived. Daniel and Margaret are both buried at Tarnagulla. I could not find headstones.
Two sisters of Margaret
also came to Victoria. Jane Maroney married a George
Sowlsby (spelt Soulsby in some later generations).
Bridget Maroney married Henry Horatio Raven. ( There is
a photo of Henry in a book titled The Footsteps Echo
written by Lynne Douthat, published in 1989. emails John
Raven 2009 )
From a web page by
Mary-Anne Duke (nee Soulsby)
Bridget travelled to Australia on the Eastern Empire in March 1863, when she gave her age as 19, birth year of 1844. She died 1899 aged 63, daughter of Mary and Thomas Maroney.
|John Andrew Holland, the eldest son of
Joseph and Bridget, followed his father on to the land. He
married Mary Elizabeth Clarke from nearby Tarnagulla and
settled on a farm near the Clarke property just out of
Arnold (then called Arnold's Bridge). Again only a pile of
stones and a pepper tree survive. Later they moved to a
larger wheat and wool property in Borung where George
Richard and the other members of the family were raised.
In later years they retired to a house in Tarnagulla where
their youngest son, Clarence had taken a position as
manager of the local branch of the ES&A Bank. After
John Andrew Holland's death Mary lived with her sister
Lucy in Dunolly and later lived with George Richard and
Veronica in Middle Park.
The town of Tarnagulla features in the Holland & Clarke families. Today its a small village but in the gold boom the discovery of the rich "Poverty Reef" led to its rapid growth. Apparently the reef came to a sudden end at a fault line and repeated attempts to find its continuation have failed The mine has opened and closed several times recently without much success.
For more on the history of Tarnagulla see http://home.vicnet.net.au/~tarnagul/
|George Richard Holland was born in 1889 in
Tarnagulla. The family farmed at Arnold and later Borung,
Vic. We know little of George Richard's early childhood and
education. We do know he was a keen amateur cyclist. George
boarded at Margaret Hayhoe's house in Ballarat.
Veronica Hayhoe, daughter of his landlady was to be his
bride. After a long engagement they married in 1920. George
and his brother Jack operated a bicycle business in
Ballarat. Both moved to Melbourne in the mid 1920s. They
opened Holland Cycles at 211 Elizabeth Street Melbourne and
also had a shop in Glenferrie. Later George Holland
operated Ariel Cycles in Barkly Street, Footscray. Both
business operated in to the 1960s.
Margaret Hayhoe moved to the city at the same time. The family lived for a while at 5 Canterbury Road Middle Park. Later they next door to number 3. For many years George's mother, Mary Clarke, lived with the family as did "Uncle" Dan Holland and "Uncle" Bob Hayhoe.George was very active in community service. He was a long time member of the Australian Labor Party, serving as local branch secretary. He was also an office bearer of the Australian Natives Association, rising to president. He served on the South Melbourne council from 1938 to 1948 and was Mayor in 1942-43. He also served on the board and as president of the Working Man's College (now RMIT University). George was a keen supporter of the South Melbourne Football Club (now the Sydney Swans).
AUSTRALIAN NATIVES.-His Excellency the
Governor-General (Sir Isaac Isaacs) made his first public
appearance since the swearing-in ceremony when
he attended the annual smoke-night of the Australian Natives' Association at the Town Hall last night,
Left to right:-Mr. G. R. Holland, chairman of the metropolitan committee; Captain L. S. Bracegirdle, acting military secretary;
His Excellency the Governor-Gcneral, the Lord Mayor (Councillor Luxton, M.L.A.); and the secretary of the committee (Mr. D. Bannerman)
See Trove link
and thanks to
|George Holland with
daughters Shelia and Gloria (on Scooter)
outside 3 Canterbury Road, Middle Park, about 1928
|George Holland at family wedding 1949|
Hello my name is Amanda Clarke,
and I am a descendant of daniel clake and margaret maroney then down through joseph clarke and emily chamberlain and then down through their son william alfred who married hilda comrie and then down through their son joseph clarke who married valerie hinde I was just wondering i have a fair bit of info regarding the clarke family tree and i am very interested with what i have found on your web site.
I have not been able to get past joseph clarke and mary lynch.
thank you Amanda Clarke.
Notice that you have a Margaret Marowny. She wouldn't have arrived in Australia on Ironside 1963 from Plymouth by any chance?
Why do I ask?
My ggg grandmother was Mary Looney born c1842 in Ennis, Co.Clare Ireland. On her shipping record she lists a May Marowny as the person she knows in Australia. It seems to suggest she was her cousin. Although it is a bit unclear. The place is Newton Jerry Sydney. I think in fact it may be that she had a cousin at Newton, Jerrys Plains and May Marowny at Sydney. There were Looneys and Mooneys on board Ironside. I wonder if they were indeed related?
Would love to hear from you.
|I am a
descendant of Lucy Clarke (1836), daughter of Joseph
Clarke (nee Lynch). I note on your site that you do not have any