following brief notes are of the life, ancestors and
descendants of George Richard Holland. He was born
into a pioneering Victorian family in 1889. He was raised
on the family farm at Borung, near Bendigo Victoria.
In his twenties he moved to Ballarat where he met his
bride to be, Veronica Hayhoe. They started married life in
Ballarat but soon moved to Melbourne. George operated his
bicycle and radio retailing business in Footscray, lived
and raised his family in Middle Park. He served the
community in many roles including Mayor of the City of
|The Holland family were farmers from Cheshire & Staffordshire area of England. The IGI records note many Holland families active back to the 16th century. Much more early detail is provided in The Spreading Family Tree (1994) by Clarence & Joyce Nicholls. The original is held by the Genealogical Society of Victoria. They acknowledge assistance from many others. Below is an outline of the known ancestors.|
Henshalls Cottage, North Rode, Cheshire
|Jasper Holland 1703-1786
Anna Nixon 1706-
|Yew Tree Farm||Woodford|
Elizabeth Wellings 1740-1822
|Maley Pole Farm||Gawsworth|
Ann (Nancy) Rigby 1789-1860
|Henshall's Cottage||North Rode|
|Email extract from Susan Gray,
...I have been looking through some of the family photo's that I have and thought you might like a copy I hope scanning them works if not please get back to me . We have a picture of Hardy Farm which was farmed in the family they were tenant farmers, the farm originally being part of the Bromley-Davenport estate who also owned Yew Tree Farm. They were one of the big land owning families, although there has been a farm on this site of Hardy for along time 14,15 century.
You might like to know that a little way down from Yew Tree Farm and opposite the church stands a pub the Davenport Arms, locally known as the Thieves Neck, as the coat of arms of the Davenport family shows a mans head with a rope around the neck, the men in the family Holland certainly drank here including my Husband John.
The second picture is taken from a newspaper and may not be of good quality this shows Yew Tree Farm, the figures in the photo cannot be identified but must be some of the family. The article and information was given by Norman Worthington another member of the family. I have also included a photo of Joseph Holland and his wife Anne, he was one of George's sons and farmed at Hardy Farm. The other picture again from a newspaper shows all of George's family, George being your Joseph's brother....
HOLLAND, son of John Holland and Nancy Rigby
was born 9 Nov 1829 in North Rode, Cheshire,
England. He died 5 Sept 1920 at Woodstock-on-Loddon,
Victoria, Australia. Married 6 Sept 1853 at St
Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, NSW.
Bridget CASSIDY, daughter of Joseph (possibly Andrew) Cassidy was born 1831 in County Cavan, Ireland, died 19 August 1896 at Woodstock-on-Loddon. They both were buried at Newbridge cemetery. Bridget, assisted immigrant and orphan arrived in Sydney aboard the DIGBY in 1849 aged eighteen years.
Joseph had run away to sea whilst in his teens and went to America spending some time working on the California goldfields and the Panama railway construction which began in 1850. He was one of the 300 whites amongst a labour force of 1590 men. Hundreds died of cholera, dysentery, fever, smallpox etc. Many more suffering of melancholia, an after effect of malaria, committed suicide. He is said to be the only white of the original crew to survive. His own account is supported by facts in the publication "The Path Between the Seas - The Creation of the Panama Canal 1870-1914" by David McCollough 1977. He signed on as a crew member of a ship destined for Australia. He was stranded for sometime in Tahiti, when he missed the ship. He caught a later ship and proceeded to Sydney where he and others deserted in 1952.
After their marriage Joseph and Bridget sailed to Port Phillip. They set off immediately for the Bendigo diggings having engaged a driver of a horse and dray to take their luggage and possessions to the fields however these were lost along the way. They made a home a California Gully and without much luck on the diggings built the California Hotel on the Upper road and resided there. In 1859 they turned to farming.
With his long time friend from the
California goldfield days, John Brown, they
brought blocks of land at the first sale in the
Woodstock-on-Loddon area. They lived there on
Smokey creek for the rest of their days raising
their children - three who had been born in
Bendigo and the others at Woodstock. Joseph and
his friend John Brown were very close friends and
it is reported that throughout their lives
remained almost inseparable. The first land was
sold for two pounds an acre. Whilst engaged in
mining Joseph built the first puddling machine in
California Gully. The first school in the
Woodstock area was in the kitchen of the Holland
home and then later in Brown's paddock
Little is known of Bridget's family
from Dublin. The history of Ireland and the
migration of orphans and young women is well
documented. As with all our predecessors they did
not keep diaries and most of the oral history has
been lost with the years.
In 1992 my mother, Gloria
(Holland) Andrews and I visited Clarence Holland in
Bendigo. He took the time to drive us around to
point out several significant "Holland" sites.
Bendigo was known then as Sandhurst, and California
Gully was a suburb. The California Hotel mentioned
was on the north corner of Upper California Gully
Road and Speedy Street. It is long since gone. A
modest house now occupies the site.
Position of grave, approx 36į44'45.12" S 143į56'20.60" E
California Gold Rushes
Irish Potato Famine
Recent photos from Woodstock-On-Loddon
An extract of Shipping records showing Bridget Cassidy's entry
Kevin Stokes passed on
research done by his late brother Greg into the
Stokes Family. They descend from the marriage of
William Holland and Adelaide Kerslake. Their only
child was Rose Ellen Holland
but at this point I should probably go over Rose
Ellen Hollandís background.
was born on
Kerslake was a wealthy farmer in
At around 1920,
young Joan Stokes is pictured with Rose and her
mother, Ada Holland.
|JOSEPH CLARKE was born in Ireland, and
died 1880 in Yackandandah Vic.. He married MARY
LYNCH 1822 in Mallow Cork Ireland, daughter of RICHARD
LYNCH and LUCY THOMAS. She was born 1794 in Mallow
Cork Ireland, and died 1 September 1873 in Clear Creek.
Joseph and his family arrived Port Jackson N.S.W. about 1836/7 He was a Soldier in 80th Staffordshire Volunteers Regiment The regiment went to Malta then Ireland where they were stationed in Mallow then Parramatta. It is thought that they came out on a convict ship. This has to be confirmed. He is mentioned on roll call 1836 - 1837 as a private. The last listing of his name found 1843. His regimental number is 1235. It seems that Joseph either took a position with the New South Wales Police force as a constable or took money and land when he decided to stay in Australia.
80th (Staffordshire Volunteers) Regiment of Foot, 1836-1844
Before serving in Australia the 80th
Regiment was stationed in Ireland following many years
of service in Malta. Assembling in Cork before
embarkation, the Regiment was divided into seventeen
detachments, which were assigned to convict ships.
These detachments sailed at various dates between 13th
November 1836 and 18th December 1838. The Regimental
Headquarters of the 80th was first established at
Sydney but was later moved to Parramatta. The Regiment
provided a number of officers and fifty-six of its
rank and file for Mounted Police duties. Detachments
were hosted to most of the stations and outstations
including Norfolk Island where the men faced the task
of putting down a convict riot. In April1840 a
detachment embarked for the Bay of Islands to become
the first British Troops to be stationed in New
Zealand. A number of these troops were present, as a
military escort, at the signing of the Treaty of
Waitangi. The detachment remained in New Zealand until
November 1843 when it returned to Sydney to join the
main body of the Regiment which was preparing to
embark for India. The 80th is the only British
Regiment to have served in New Zealand which does not
include the battle honour 'New Zealand' on its colours
because it took no part in Maori wars.
Notes for MARY MCANANLY: Mary
Baptised Parish of Wollongong County of Camden by John
CLARKE was born in Cork, Ireland in about 1831. The
family story is he came from Sydney where his father Joseph
CLARKE was a soldier. His death certificate
lists his father as a farmer. He may have come to
Melbourne from Sydney on the Gazelle in
The 1850s were the time of the great goldrush in Victoria. Prospectors swarmed all over Victoria searching for their fortune. Daniel started mining at Beechworth with his brother. He is next noted as a carter at Bridgewater in 1853, later a miner and farmer. In 1854 he was in Ironbark and then Sandy Creek. and then noted at Arnold ('s Bridge) in 1873.
Margaret Maroney came from Clare, Ireland. Her father, Thomas, is noted as a farmer. It seems she worked initially, at the Sarah Sands Hotel (in Sydney Rd. Brunswick).
She married Daniel Clarke at St Francis Melbourne in 1854. Her address at the time was Pentridge (not the gaol but the now suburb of Coburg); his was Tarringower (near Maldon). They travelled to gold fields by bullock dray. They finally settled on a farm at Arnold. The property was in Rheola Road, on the south side, about 2 kilometres west of Arnold. The farmhouse is gone with the land consolidated into surrounding properties. In 1993 a few stones and a pepper tree survived. Daniel and Margaret are both buried at Tarnagulla. I could not find headstones.
Two sisters of Margaret also came to
Victoria. Jane Maroney married a George Sowlsby (spelt
Soulsby in some later generations). Bridget Maroney
married Henry Horatio Raven. ( There is a photo of Henry
in a book titled The Footsteps Echo written by Lynne
Douthat, published in 1989. emails John Raven 2009 )
From a web page by Mary-Anne Duke (nee Soulsby)
Bridget travelled to Australia on the Eastern Empire in March 1863, when she gave her age as 19, birth year of 1844. She died 1899 aged 63, daughter of Mary and Thomas Maroney.
|John Andrew Holland, the eldest son of Joseph and Bridget,
followed his father on to the land. He married Mary
Elizabeth Clarke from nearby Tarnagulla and settled on a
farm near the Clarke property just out of Arnold (then
called Arnold's Bridge). Again only a pile of stones and a
pepper tree survive. Later they moved to a larger wheat
and wool property in Borung where George Richard and the
other members of the family were raised. In later years
they retired to a house in Tarnagulla where their youngest
son, Clarence had taken a position as manager of the local
branch of the ES&A Bank. After John Andrew Holland's
death Mary lived with her sister Lucy in Dunolly and later
lived with George Richard and Veronica in Middle Park.
The town of Tarnagulla features in the Holland & Clarke families. Today its a small village but in the gold boom the discovery of the rich "Poverty Reef" led to its rapid growth. Apparently the reef came to a sudden end at a fault line and repeated attempts to find its continuation have failed The mine has opened and closed several times recently without much success.
For more on the history of Tarnagulla see http://home.vicnet.net.au/~tarnagul/
Holland was born in 1889 in Tarnagulla. The family farmed
at Arnold and later Borung, Vic. We know little of George
Richard's early childhood and education. We do know he was
a keen amateur cyclist. George boarded at Margaret
Hayhoe's house in Ballarat. Veronica Hayhoe,
daughter of his landlady was to be his bride. After a long
engagement they married in 1920. George and his brother
Jack operated a bicycle business in Ballarat. Both moved
to Melbourne in the mid 1920s. They opened Holland Cycles
at 211 Elizabeth Street Melbourne and also had a shop in
Glenferrie. Later George Holland operated Ariel
Cycles in Barkly Street, Footscray. Both business operated
in to the 1960s.
Margaret Hayhoe moved to the city at the same time. The family lived for a while at 5 Canterbury Road Middle Park. Later they next door to number 3. For many years George's mother, Mary Clarke, lived with the family as did "Uncle" Dan Holland and "Uncle" Bob Hayhoe.George was very active in community service. He was a long time member of the Australian Labour Party, serving as local branch secretary. He was also an office bearer of the Australian Natives Association, rising to president. He served on the South Melbourne council from 1938 to 1948 and was Mayor in 1942-43. He also served on the board and as president of the Working Man's College (now RMIT University). George was a keen supporter of the South Melbourne Football Club (now the Sydney Swans).
NATIVES.-His Excellency the Governor-General (Sir Isaac
Isaacs) made his first public appearance since the swearing-in
he attended the annual smoke-night of the Australian Natives' Association at the Town Hall last night,
Left to right:-Mr. G. R. Holland, chairman of the metropolitan committee; Captain L. S. Bracegirdle, acting military secretary;
His Excellency the Governor-Gcneral, the Lord Mayor (Councillor Luxton,M.L.A.); and the secretary of the committee (Mr. D. Bannerman)
See Trove link
and thanks to
|George Holland with
daughters Shelia and Gloria (on Scooter)
outside 3 Canterbury Road, Middle Park, about 1928
|George Holland at family wedding 1949|
hello my name is Amanda Clarke,
and i am a descendent of daniel clake and margaret maroney then down through joseph clarke and emily chamberlain and then down through thiar son william alfred who married hilda comrie and then down through their son joseph clarke who married valerie hinde i was just wondering i have a fair bit of info regarding the clarke family tree and i am very interested with what i have found on your web site.
i have not been able to get past joseph clarke and mary lynch.
thank you Amanda Clarke.
Notice that you have a Margaret Marowny. She wouldn't have arrived in Australia on Ironside 1963 from Plymouth by any chance?
Why do I ask?
My ggg grandmother was Mary Looney born c1842 in Ennis, Co.Clare Ireland. On her shipping record she lists a May Marowny as the person she knows in Australia. It seems to suggest she was her cousin. Although it is a bit unclear. The place is Newton Jerry Sydney. I think in fact it may be that she had a cousin at Newton, Jerrys Plains and May Marowny at Sydney. There were Looneys and Mooneys on board Ironside. I wonder if they were indeed related?
Would love to hear from you.
|I am a
descendent of Lucy Clarke (1836), daughter of Joseph
Clarke (nee Lynch). I note on your site that you do not have any
Pan Praetz (Holland) of WA has passed on an old family photo labeled the Holland Family in Victoria.
Her Holland ancestors have lived in WA since the 1920's and she cannot identify any of the people.
Can you help?