The Holland & Clarke Family
 of Ireland, Cheshire
and Victorian Goldfields
modified 31 Mar 2021

If you can fill any gaps please email us.
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Joseph Holland , Cheshireman, adventurer, gold miner, farmer,
Bridget Cassidy , Irish orphan, immigrant worker, pioneer mother...
Daniel Clarke , Victorian goldfields and farming pioneer.
John Andrew Holland, of Borung, Victoria, farmer, family man
George Richard Holland, cyclist, businessman, community worker, Mayor of South Melbourne.

Veronica, Gloria, George

. The following brief notes are of the life, ancestors and descendants of George Richard Holland. He was born into a pioneering Victorian family in 1889. He was raised on the family farm at Borung, near Bendigo, Victoria.  In his twenties he moved to Ballarat where he met his bride to be, Veronica Hayhoe. They married and soon moved to Melbourne. George operated his bicycle and radio retailing business in Footscray, lived and raised his family in Middle Park. He served the community in many roles including Mayor of the City of South Melbourne.

Pedigree of George Holland
George Holland Pedigree

Hollands of Staffordshire & Cheshire

The Holland family were farmers from Cheshire & Staffordshire area of England. The IGI records note many Holland families active back to the 16th century. Much more early detail is provided in The Spreading Family Tree (1994) by Clarence & Joyce Nicholls. The original is held by the Genealogical Society of Victoria. They acknowledge assistance from many others. Below is an outline of the known ancestors.

henshalls cottage
Henshalls Cottage, North Rode, Cheshire

Holland Family Of Cheshire
Jasper Holland 1703-1786 
Anna Nixon 1706-
Yew Tree Farm Woodford
Jasper Holland 1746-1830 
Elizabeth Wellings 1740-1822
Maley Pole Farm Gawsworth
John Holland 1784-1866 
Ann (Nancy) Rigby 1789-1860
Henshall's Cottage North Rode

Descendants of Jasper Holland b.1579

Early Holland Pedigree

Descendants of Jasper Holland b. 1749

Jasper Holland Pedigree
Mary-Ann of Launceston, Tasmania has sent me the following links to interesting
Holland Family Histories which may or may not be connected
"My Holland family is part of the ones mentioned in "The Lancashire Hollands" by Bernard Holland and
"A History of the Family of Holland of Mobberly and Knutsford in the County of Chester"
I suggest you "google" these titles
One of the reasons I think you may be connected is the christian name of JASPER as it occurs is one branch of the family."

Yew Tree Farm
working Holland clothes

Email extract from Susan Gray,

...I have been looking through some of the family photo's that I have and thought you might like a copy I hope scanning them works if not please get back to me . We have a picture of Hardy Farm which was farmed in the family they were tenant farmers, the farm originally being part of the Bromley-Davenport estate who also owned Yew Tree Farm. They were one of the big land owning families, although there has been a farm on this site of Hardy for along time 14,15 century.

You might like to know that a little way down from Yew Tree Farm and opposite the church stands a pub the Davenport Arms, locally known as the Thieves Neck, as the coat of arms of the Davenport family shows a mans head with a rope around the neck, the men in the family Holland certainly drank here including my Husband John.

The second picture is taken from a newspaper and may not be of good quality this shows Yew Tree Farm, the figures in the photo cannot be identified but must be some of the family. The article and information was given by Norman Worthington another member of the family. I have also included a photo of Joseph Holland and his wife Anne, he was one of George's sons and farmed at Hardy Farm. The other picture again from a newspaper shows all of George's family, George being your Joseph's brother....

Thanks Susan

Joseph Holland and Bridget Cassidy

Joseph & Bridget

Joseph HOLLAND, son of John Holland and Nancy Rigby was born 9 Nov 1829 in North Rode, Cheshire, England. He died 5 Sept 1920 at Woodstock-on-Loddon, Victoria, Australia. Married 6 Sept 1853 at St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, NSW.

Bridget CASSIDY, daughter of Joseph (possibly Andrew) Cassidy was born 1831 in County Cavan, Ireland, died 19 August 1896 at Woodstock-on-Loddon. They both were buried at Newbridge cemetery. Bridget, assisted immigrant and orphan arrived in Sydney aboard the DIGBY in 1849 aged eighteen years. 

Joseph had run away to sea whilst in his teens and went to America spending some time working on the California goldfields and the Panama railway construction which began in 1850. He was one of the 300 whites amongst a labour force of 1590 men. Hundreds died of cholera, dysentery, fever, smallpox etc. Many more suffering of melancholia, an after effect of malaria, committed suicide. He is said to be the only white of the original crew to survive. His own account is supported by facts in the publication "The Path Between the Seas - The Creation of the Panama Canal 1870-1914" by David McCollough 1977. He signed on as a crew member of a ship destined for Australia. He was stranded for sometime in Tahiti, when he missed the ship. He caught a later ship and proceeded to Sydney where he and others deserted in 1952.

After their marriage Joseph and Bridget sailed to Port Phillip. They set off immediately for the Bendigo diggings having engaged a driver of a horse and dray to take their luggage and possessions to the fields however these were lost along the way. They made a home a California Gully and without much luck on the diggings built the California Hotel on the Upper road and resided there. In 1859 they turned to farming.

With his long time friend from the California goldfield days, John Brown, they brought blocks of land at the first sale in the Woodstock-on-Loddon area. They lived there on Smokey creek for the rest of their days raising their children - three who had been born in Bendigo and the others at Woodstock. Joseph and his friend John Brown were very close friends and it is reported that throughout their lives remained almost inseparable. The first land was sold for two pounds an acre. Whilst engaged in mining Joseph built the first puddling machine in California Gully. The first school in the Woodstock area was in the kitchen of the Holland home and then later in Brown's paddock

Little is known of Bridget's family from Dublin. The history of Ireland and the migration of orphans and young women is well documented. As with all our predecessors they did not keep diaries and most of the oral history has been lost with the years.

 In 1992 my mother, Gloria (Holland) Andrews and I visited Clarence Holland in Bendigo. He took the time to drive us around to point out several significant "Holland" sites. Bendigo was known then as Sandhurst, and California Gully was a suburb. The California Hotel mentioned was on the north corner of Upper California Gully Road and Speedy Street. It is long since gone. A modest house now occupies the site.

Woodstock-on-Lodden (there is another Woodstock in Victoria) is about 40 km. west of Bendigo. A pile of stones and a pepper tree is all that remained of the farmhouse. The land has been consolidated into larger farms. The town is now only a signpost on the road. The property was on the west side of Church Road just north of what is now called Little Creek. A modest headstone at the Newbridge cemetery marks grave of Joseph and Bridget.
Position of grave, approx  36°44'45.12" S 143°56'20.60" E

Wikipedia References
Panama Railroad
California Gold Rushes
Irish Potato Famine
Recent photos from Woodstock-On-Loddon

headstone at

                  Shipping Record
An extract of Shipping records showing Bridget Cassidy's entry

Kevin Stokes passed on research done by his late brother Greg into the Stokes Family. They descend from the marriage of William Holland and Adelaide Kerslake. Their only child was Rose Ellen Holland

...... but at this point I should probably go over Rose Ellen Holland’s background.


Rose was born on the 13th of December, 1894 at 22 Canning Street, North Melbourne. This terrace house is still standing today. Her parents were William and Ada Holland. This was Ada’s second marriage. Her first was to cousin William Kerslake. This marriage produced three children, one of whom was Bert Kerslake, otherwise known to us as Uncle Bert. Some may remember him from the days that he was living with Joan Henderson in Bendigo.

William Kerslake was a wealthy farmer in Devonshire who was encouraged to move from England to Australia by his doctor to improve his health. He suffered from Rheumatic Fever and he was not expected to survive another English winter. William gained employment as the manager of the Woodstock-On-Loddon dairy, which supplied most of Bendigo’s fresh milk at the time. William died on the 7th of February, 1892. Ada would probably have known William Holland during this time, as the Hollands were a well established family in the Woodstock area. Ada and William Holland married in Melbourne on the 16th of March, 1894. William Holland worked as a fireman on the Victorian Railways and died in 1896. After his death, Ada moved back to Woodstock with Bert and Rose, living with Ada’s father in law. (Joseph Holland ? mentioned in the adjacent press clipping. See the photo below, could this be Joseph Holland's house?)


At around 1920, Ada and Bert moved to a farm at Yarraberb. Ada died on the 10th of September, 1951 and Bert died on the 29th of June, 1980. Both are buried in Bendigo........

Joseph Holland House ?

A young Joan Stokes is pictured with Rose and her mother, Ada Holland.
Is this the original Holland home at Woodstock-on-Loddon ?

Thanks again to Kevin and Greg Stokes

John Brown Memorial,
          NewbridgeHolland Grave, Newbridge

The memorial to John and Sarah Brown is near the grave of Joseph and Bridget Holland in the Newbridge Cemetery.
Is this John Brown the "life long friend" of Joseph mentioned above?

Joseph Clarke & Mary Lynch

JOSEPH CLARKE was born in Ireland, and died 1880 in Yackandandah Vic..  He married MARY LYNCH 1822 in Mallow Cork Ireland, daughter of RICHARD LYNCH and LUCY THOMAS.  She was born 1794 in Mallow Cork Ireland, and died 1 September 1873 in Clear Creek.

Joseph and his family arrived Port Jackson N.S.W. about 1836/7 He was a  Soldier in 80th Staffordshire  Volunteers  Regiment The regiment went to Malta then Ireland where they were stationed in Mallow then Parramatta. It is thought that they came out on a convict ship. This has to be confirmed. He is mentioned  on roll call 1836 - 1837 as a private. The last listing of his name found 1843. His regimental number is 1235. It seems that Joseph either took a position with the New South Wales Police force as a constable or took money and land when he decided to stay in Australia.

80th (Staffordshire Volunteers) Regiment of Foot, 1836-1844  (note recent email below suggesting different regiment for our Joseph Clarke )

Before serving in Australia the 80th Regiment was stationed in Ireland following many years of service in Malta. Assembling in Cork before embarkation, the Regiment was divided into seventeen detachments, which were assigned to convict ships. These detachments sailed at various dates between 13th November 1836 and 18th December 1838. The Regimental Headquarters of the 80th was first established at Sydney but was later moved to Parramatta. The Regiment provided a number of officers and fifty-six of its rank and file for Mounted Police duties. Detachments were hosted to most of the stations and outstations including Norfolk Island where the men faced the task of putting down a convict riot. In April1840 a detachment embarked for the Bay of Islands to become the first British Troops to be stationed in New Zealand. A number of these troops were present, as a military escort, at the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi. The detachment remained in New Zealand until November 1843 when it returned to Sydney to join the main body of the Regiment which was preparing to embark for India. The 80th is the only British Regiment to have served in New Zealand which does not include the battle honour 'New Zealand' on its colours because it took no part in Maori wars.
After long delays the 80th Regiment marched out of the old George Street Barracks in Sydney and embarked in the vessels Royal Saxon, Briton, Lloyd and Enmore. After lying in the harbour for three days they sailed to Calcutta on 16th August 1844. In December 1845 the Regiment suffered very heavy causalities at Ferozeshah, the deciding battle of the wars after the Sikhs. In 1881 the 80th Regiment became the 2nd Battalion of the South Staffordshire Regiment.( How to trace your military ancestors)
The 80th regiment embarked from for Australia at Cork in 1836. It was then broken into seventeen detachments being sent to New South Wales, Norfolk Island and New Zealand. In 1844 it concentrated in Sydney before embarking for India. (British Regiments in Australia 1788-1870 Website)
RICHARD CLARKE  was born 25 September 1833 in Kilshanig by Mallow Cork Ireland, and died 16 April 1914 in Beechworth.  He married MARY MCANANLY 29 August 1859 in Beechworth Catholic Church, daughter of OWEN MCANANLY and ISABELLA MOSS.  She was born 26 January 1843 in Shoalhaven  New South Wales, and died 11 May 1916 in Beechworth. Richard was born in Kilshanig in the Barony of Duhallow, 3 miles from Mallow County Cork Ireland on the 25th September 1833. He was 18 months old when the family emigrated to Australia in 1836. The Clarke family moved to Beechworth at the time of the Gold Rush in the 1850s. Joseph and Daniel, Richard's two elder brothers sent for him to come to the Ovens District.They operated the "Pride and Stringer" mine. The brothers ran a stamping battery at Twists Creek and mined in the Stanley district where Long Dick's Gully was said to have been named after Richard.
When Richard and Mary married in 1859 they both gave their address as Clear Creek. Richard was 22 and Mary 16 years of age. Catherine could not write, her marriage certificate is marked with a cross. This was common at that time. The last known address for Richard Clarke was Finch Street Beechworth.He and Mary are buried in the Beechworth Cemetery R.C. Section A 1229

Notes for MARY MCANANLY: Mary  Baptised Parish of Wollongong County of Camden by John Brettell
Holliday Roman Catholic Priest. Mary gives Illawarra as her place of birth on her marriage certificate. Her usual address is given as Clear Creek. Burial: Beechworth Cemetery  Death Reg Number: 4478  Grave No.: Roman Catholic section A 1229
Thank you to Margaret Stickland (dated about 2001)

Notes from ancestry web pages from B & M Chapman ,QLD,

Joseph stayed in New South Wales, being discharged on 31 Jan 1843 (with 20 pound gratuity for service).
Joseph arrived in Sydney in November 1837 and was sent to the detachment to Newcastle in December 1837. Joseph was on the pay lists as being stationed in Newcastle and then Towrang (during the building of the Great South Rd).
Joseph and his family lived in the Yass area for about 15 years, then moved to Yackandandah, Victoria, in
the early 1860's. Joseph became a miner, along with 2 of his sons (Richard & Joseph) and daughter Lucy's husband John Kelly. His wife
Mary died in 1873, aged 78. Joseph died in 1881 at Yackandandah, aged about 82.

Email from Kristin, March 2021

Greetings from a distant cousin:  our common ancestors are Joseph Clarke and Mary Lynch from Ireland.

I don’t believe the Joseph Clark of the 80th regiment is our Joseph Clarke.  The Joint Copying Project includes a copy of the nominal roll for the 80th Regiment, which you can access at:  You will see that this Joseph Clark is rather younger than our ancestor – and he comes from Oxfordshire rather than Ireland.

I think the story about our Joseph Clarke is basically correct:  he was a soldier, but he served in the 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot.  Thus the details of his service are a little different (he was discharged on 1 April 1840).  It is worth seeing if you can find a baptism record for his son Richard – which mentions his father as being in the 28th Regiment.  The muster rolls and pay records for the 28th Regiment are also worth perusing, especially in late 1839 and early 1840, when there were 2 Joseph Clarkes serving in NSW.  Look for the pencil entries at the far right of the entries..


I also noticed from Ancestry that others believe that Lucy (second youngest of Joseph Clarke's children) was born at Cox's /Cox's River, NSW.  One of the 28th Regiment's Joseph Clarke's was stationed there at that time.

Thank you Kristin

Link to pages showing record of Joseph Clarke, 28th Regiment 

Daniel Clarke & Margaret Maroney

Daniel CLARKE was born in Cork, Ireland in about 1831. The family story is he came from Sydney where his father Joseph CLARKE was a soldier.  His death certificate lists his father as a farmer. He may have come to Melbourne from Sydney on the Gazelle in Sept 1852.

The 1850s were the time of the great goldrush in Victoria. Prospectors swarmed all over Victoria searching for their fortune. Daniel started mining at Beechworth with his brother. He is next noted as a carter at Bridgewater in 1853, later a miner and farmer. In 1854 he was in Ironbark and then Sandy Creek. and then noted at Arnold ('s Bridge) in 1873.

Margaret Maroney came from Clare, Ireland. Her father, Thomas, is noted as a farmer. It seems she worked initially, at the Sarah Sands Hotel (in Sydney Rd. Brunswick).

She married Daniel Clarke at St Francis Melbourne in 1854. Her address at the time was Pentridge (not the gaol but the now suburb of Coburg); his was Tarringower (near Maldon). They traveled to gold fields by bullock dray. They finally settled on a farm at Arnold. The property was in Rheola Road, on the south side, about 2 kilometres west of Arnold. The farmhouse is gone with the land consolidated into surrounding properties. In 1993 a few stones and a pepper tree survived. Daniel and Margaret are both buried at Tarnagulla. I could not find headstones.

Two sisters of Margaret also came to Victoria. Jane Maroney married a George Sowlsby (spelt Soulsby in some later generations). Bridget Maroney married Henry Horatio Raven. ( There is a photo of Henry in a book titled The Footsteps Echo written by Lynne Douthat, published in 1989. emails John Raven 2009 )

From a web page by Mary-Anne Duke (nee Soulsby)
George Soulsby came to Australia from the village of Hetton-Le-Hole, in County Durham, England. His father was a stonemason in this village which is part of the coal mining area of Northern England.
Jane Moroney came from Cone, in County Clare, Ireland, with her parents and at least one sister with whom we have maintained contact.
Both George and Jane were living at Jones Creek - Loddon at the time of their marriage. Jones Creek is a creek that runs through the township of Waanyarra It is located halfway between Dunolly and Tarnagulla in Central Victoria.

Another reference
Henry Horatio Raven 1826 - 2 May 1902 of Norwich England son of Ann Paul and Charles Raven, married at the Dunolly School House, Victoria, Australia on 6 Nov 1864 to Bridget Moroney 1836 - 22 Sept 1899 born in County Clare, Ireland.

Bridget travelled to Australia on the Eastern Empire in March 1863, when she gave her age as 19, birth year of 1844. She died 1899 aged 63, daughter of Mary and Thomas Maroney.

John Andrew Holland & Mary Clarke

John Andrew Holland, the eldest son of Joseph and Bridget, followed his father on to the land. He married Mary Elizabeth Clarke from nearby Tarnagulla and settled on a farm near the Clarke property just out of Arnold (then called Arnold's Bridge). Again only a pile of stones and a pepper tree survive. Later they moved to a larger wheat and wool property in Borung where George Richard and the other members of the family were raised. In later years they retired to a house in Tarnagulla where their youngest son, Clarence had taken a position as manager of the local branch of the ES&A Bank. After John Andrew Holland's death Mary lived with her sister Lucy in Dunolly and later lived with George Richard and Veronica in Middle Park.
The town of Tarnagulla features in the Holland & Clarke families. Today its a small village but in the gold boom the discovery of the rich "Poverty Reef" led to its rapid growth. Apparently the reef came to a sudden end at a fault line and repeated attempts to find its continuation have failed The mine has opened and closed several times recently without much success.

For more on the history of Tarnagulla see

John and Mary (Clarke) Holland
 with unknown girl around 1900
John Holland and Mary Clarke
Mary Holland 90th

George Richard Holland

George Holland's Family George Richard Holland was born in 1889 in Tarnagulla. The family farmed at Arnold and later Borung, Vic. We know little of George Richard's early childhood and education. We do know he was a keen amateur cyclist. George boarded at Margaret Hayhoe's  house in Ballarat. Veronica Hayhoe, daughter of his landlady was to be his bride. After a long engagement they married in 1920. George and his brother Jack operated a bicycle business in Ballarat. Both moved to Melbourne in the mid 1920s. They opened Holland Cycles at 211 Elizabeth Street Melbourne and also had a shop in Glenferrie.  Later George Holland operated Ariel Cycles in Barkly Street, Footscray. Both business operated in to the 1960s.

Margaret Hayhoe moved to the city at the same time. The family lived for a while at 5 Canterbury Road Middle Park. Later they next door to number 3. For many years George's mother, Mary Clarke, lived with the family as did "Uncle" Dan Holland and "Uncle" Bob Hayhoe. 

George was very active in community service. He was a long time member of the Australian Labor Party, serving as local branch secretary. He was also an office bearer of the Australian Natives Association, rising to president. He served on the South Melbourne council from 1938 to 1948 and was Mayor in 1942-43. He also served on the board and as president of the Working Man's College (now RMIT University). George was a keen supporter of the South Melbourne Football Club (now the Sydney Swans).

George Holland in Canberra

AUSTRALIAN NATIVES.-His Excellency the Governor-General (Sir Isaac Isaacs) made his first public appearance since the swearing-in ceremony when
he attended the annual smoke-night of the Australian Natives' Association at the Town Hall last night,
Left to right:-Mr. G. R. Holland, chairman of the metropolitan committee; Captain L. S. Bracegirdle, acting military secretary;
His Excellency the Governor-Gcneral, the Lord Mayor (Councillor Luxton, M.L.A.); and the secretary of the committee (Mr. D. Bannerman)
See Trove link
and thanks to

Evelyn Rykes passed on a copy of the Holland Cycles Catalogue from 1924
Thanks Evelyn

The following photos came with an email from Greg Parsons
"Building and modifying bikes is a hobby of mine.
Not too sure of the age of this bike but my guess is mid fifties to sixties.
The paint work is original as are the transfers. interestingly the transfer states Holland cycles were at 347 Elizabeth St.
Beautiful lug work also."
Thanks Greg


Obit 2

George Holland with daughters Shelia and Gloria (on Scooter)
outside 3 Canterbury Road, Middle Park, about 1928 
George Holland at family wedding 1949

Interesting Email Extracts


I was really interested to read your web pages regarding the Holland
family of Cheshire.

My mother is Joan Holland and her grandfather/father lived at Yew Tree
Farm in Woodford. In fact she has a picture of Yew Tree Farm on her
wall at home with George Holland stood by the front gate. The picture
must date back to the early 1920ies. The farmhouse was demolished to
make way for Woodford Aerodrome and the British Aerospace building now
occupies the site of the farm buildings. I have managed to find a map
from 1882 showing the precise location of the Farm.

My mother's father was William Goddard Holland and as you will see, he
took his mother's maiden name as his middle name.

I hope this information is of interest to you and if I can help
further, do let me know.
Richard Hardman

Hello my name is Amanda Clarke,
 and I am a descendant of daniel clake and margaret maroney then down through joseph clarke and emily chamberlain and then down through their son william alfred who married hilda comrie and then down through their son joseph clarke who married valerie hinde I was just wondering i have a fair bit of info regarding the clarke family tree and i am very interested  with what i have found on your web site.
I have not been able to get past joseph clarke and mary lynch.
thank you Amanda Clarke.


Notice that you have a Margaret Marowny.  She wouldn't have arrived in Australia on Ironside 1963 from Plymouth by any chance? 
Why do I ask? 
My ggg grandmother was Mary Looney born c1842 in Ennis, Co.Clare Ireland.  On her shipping record she lists a May Marowny as the person she knows in Australia. It seems to suggest she was her cousin.  Although it is a bit unclear.  The place is Newton Jerry Sydney.  I think in fact it may be that she had a cousin at Newton, Jerrys Plains and May Marowny at Sydney.  There were Looneys and Mooneys on board Ironside.  I wonder if they were indeed related?
Would love to hear from you.

I am a descendant of Lucy Clarke (1836), daughter of Joseph & Mary
Clarke (nee Lynch). I note on your site that you do not have any 
information on Lucy? Lucy married John Kelly in 1856 at Yass. John & Lucy moved
to Yackandandah in the early 60's, from Binalong NSW. They had a large
family, including my great grandmother Margaret Kelly, who was born in
1874 at Back Creek, Stanley.

I have not had any luck with finding photos of the Clarke family, have
you? Daniel has an older sister Margaret who was alive when her mother
Mary Clarke died in 1873. Do you know if she ever married and where she

George Holland


George and Veronica on their honeymoon at Narbethong, Victoria


Pam of West Australia has passed on an old family photo labeled the Holland Family in Victoria.
Her family has lived in WA since the 1920's and she cannot identify any of the people.
She descends from George Holland, third son of Joseph and Bridget.
A recent email from Margaret advises "....I am a descendant of Sarah Ahern nee Holland her parents were Joseph Holland and Bridget Cassisdy ...
... my mother is the baby in the picture and there is four generations of the family in this picture - my mother Marie Frances Egan,
her parents Lawrence and Mary Egan,Grandmother Amelia Ahern and Great Grand Mother Sarah Ahern nee Holland...."

Holland tree