Scholley, Schollenberger & Miller
Families of
Morton Bay, Philadelphia, Van Diemens Land, Victoria & New South Wales
modified 29 Nov 2019
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The Ancestors of Charles Miller Scholley
William Schollenberger moved from Prussia to London to Philadelphia.
Frederick Schollenberger, leaves USA  for Australia.
Capt. Henry Miller, 40th Reg of Foot, Peninsula War, New Orleans, Waterloo
Morton Bay, India, Hobart
Charles Morton Miller, born in Morton Bay, farms near Geelong, Gentleman
Maud Miller, marries Frederick Schollenberger , dies of consumption at 27
Maud Miller's uncle, Henry "Money" Miller becomes Melbourne's richest man

Charles Miller Scholley, changes name and enlists in AIF, WW1 trenches in France, survives German gas attack

Scholley Pedigree

Schollenberger Family
The Schollenberger name seems to originate from Southern Germany and Switzerland. I have sighted a few photocopied pages from a book titled "Die Schollenberger von Berg und Buch a/ Irchel". This text, written in German, details the history of a Schollenberger family dating from 1258 through to the 1930s. The text, (originals held in Zurich and the LDS library in Salt Lake City) identifies the family coming from an area on the Rhine, about 20km. north of Zurich, near Winterthur. It mentions a Schollenberg castle. And there is a village called Schollen but this is some distance away. I cannot make any firm family connection here as yet.. 

Other occurrences of the name come from the International Genealogical Index (IGI) showing Schollenberger births and marriages in Southern Germany and Switzerland. Two Schollenbergers emigrated from the town of Kuenzelsau to England in the 1860's. Also the USA records show at least one family settling in Pennsylvania, U.S.A. in the 1700's. The name was mentioned in reference to the German immigrant community. Again no connection, yet. 

Concerning the ancestors of Frederick Schollenberger, the earliest record I have is of the marriage of William Schollenberg, a butcher, to Maria Setzer on the 1st Feb. 1844 in the German Lutheran church in Whitechapel, England. William's father was stated to be George, a blacksmith. Maria's father was John Charles Setzer, a butcher. 

Several children were born in England before the family emigrated to the USA. It appears the William became a successful tanner and leather goods manufacturer in Philadelphia. Link to a factory plan. Another US History link shows 1877, September 29. Fire at morocco factory of W. Schollenberger & Sons, S. W. Corner of Mascher and Putnam Streets; loss, $250,000. Google for more.

Here in the census records we find that William was born in Prussia and Maria born in England. Marie's maiden name is recorded as Staples rather than Setzer, as previously mentioned. The reason for the name change remains a mystery. Maybe just a name change, maybe a second marriage.

Frederick Schollenberger was born in about 1859 in Philadelphia the fifth of seven children.

The 1880 Census of Phillidelphia shows confusing information.
One entry is Axe Factory Road,William Schollenberger,55 manufacturer,wife Maria,56, children, Rosa 23, Emma 16, Frederick 21.
Another is 2528 Sixth Street, William Schollenberger 54, Tanner, wife Lousia 44, five stepdaughters and sons Christian 8, Charles 6, Elomar 1
Another child Howard Schollenberger, 3 months was living with another family.

Maybe different Williams or maybe a complex family situation.

Frederick arrived in Australia in about 1885. Research has failed to find his name on shipping lists or why he emigrated. One source says he was a "shoe salesman", another "commercial traveler". Frederick married Maud Miller, daughter of Charles Morton Miller, in Geelong, Victoria in 1888. Maud Miller died in 1897, aged 27, of consumption only a year after the birth of her forth child, Charles Miller born in 1896. The other children were Roy William born c.1889, Nina Helena born c.1890 and Freda Lenore born 1894. Maud's mother, Ellen "Granny" Miller helped raise the children. Frederick remarried Isabella McCormack several years after the death of Maud and one child, Leonard Cecil is noted. Frederick died in 1921 and is buried in the Brighton cemetery in a simple grave. Isabella later remarried an Ebenezer Webb.

From Mark Frayne. "....My mother told me that Frederick was a designer or some such at Wittner's shoes in Melbourne. I have emailed them on the off chance they have historical records, but it might be a bit of a stretch. It makes sense that he was into shoes as the Schollenbergers in Philadelphia seem to have been leather merchants..."

Extract from The LDS Microfiche
Schollenberg(er) LDS records

The Marriage Certificate of William Schollenberger
William & Maria Marriage

The Marriage Certificate of  Fredrick Schollenberger
Fred Schollenberger Marriage

Young Fred
Younger Frederick Schollenberger

Fred Schollenberger Death

Maud Miller and Frederick Schollenberger

Captain Henry Miller of the 40th Regiment of Foot
Capt Miller
              & Family Captain Henry Miller of the 40th Regiment of Foot is one our three ancestors from the British military. ( The others being Sergeant Major William Clayton of the 57th Regiment and Joseph Clarke of the 80th Staffordshire Volunteers Regiment )

He was born in Londonderry, Ireland,  the son of Rev. Henry Miller, Presbyterian minister at Glendermott (near Londonderry)  I cannot identify his mother.

He joined the army in 1799 aged 14. The regiment was in Egypt in 1800 and South America (Montevideo) in 1807 however I can find no reference to Miller being involved. In 1808 he married  Jane Morphett and in December is first son, Henry, was born in Londonderry. Miller was involved in the Napoleonic wars.

He served with the 40th in the Peninsular War, (Spain) ,War of 1812 in the USA and then the Battle of  Waterloo .

Miller stayed on in France with the occupation forces after Waterloo.. His family joined him, his second son Mars being born in Paris.

In 1824 Miller was posted to Australia with his regiment on garrison and convict guard duties. His family accompanied him. He was selected to head the first settlement at  Morton Bay, Queensland. He was dispatched aboard the brig Amity with a small group of convicts, soldiers, his wife Jane and his two young boys Henry and Mars. They first settled at Redcliffe on Morton Bay but after some time and difficult conditions moved to where now Brisbane city is. After eighteen months he was replaced,  see the note on the Miller page.

Next he was posted to Hobart and later the regiment embarked for India. From India Miller retired and settled back in Hobart. After Jane's death he remarried and lived out his days in Tasmania.

His career spanned major events of British history...if only he had kept a diary !!!!
More detail on Capt. Henry Miller

The children of Henry & Jane... 

Our connection is their third(?) son  Charles Morton Miller . He was the second European birth registered in Morton Bay (the settlement that founded Brisbane). See the paragraph below

Capt. Miller's first son, Henry Miller , left his civil service job in Hobart and moved to the new settlement of Melbourne in about 1840. He went on to become Victoria's richest man earning the name "Money Miller". See more detail on  Henry "Money" Miller

Mars Morphett Miller was born in Paris, France in 1818 (during the occupation ?), married Sarah Charlotte FLEMING in Oatlands, Tasmania and raised his family of eight in Victoria. Mars was the master of the Melbourne Grammar School. He died at the age of 77 in 1895 at Clifton Hill, Vic.

Henrietta Charlotte Miller , married a Hobart man, John Bisdee, a widower and well known Tasmanian gentleman. After several years they moved to Someset, England. Link to more in Tasmanian Archives

an extract ...  (John Bisdee)   then married Henrietta Charlotte (nee Miller) - (1829 - 1909) by whom he had three daughters (Constance, Sarah, Rose) and a son Edward who died in infancy on 20 March 1860....

Charles Morton Miller
The second son of Capt. Miller, Charles Morton Miller, was born in Redcliffe Queensland 5 Nov 1824 not long after the arrival of the first settlers. (the other births remembered were Amity Morton Thompson b. 21 Sep 1924 and Mary or Hannah Cox b. 1 Mar 1925).
He left his job in the Tasmanian civil service to follow agricultural interests. Around 1850 he moved to Geelong, Victoria. He is noted as a farmer. The property may have been "Victoria Park" at Waurn Ponds. He married a young Irish widow from Tyrone, Ellen Mulholland. They raised a family of six boys and three girls. The second daughter, Maud, went on to marry Frederick Schollenberger. Charles Morton died in South Yarra, Vic in 1897. 

I can find little other biographical information on Charles or his other children. The notes mention a Mr Charles Miller of Ballarat. If a reader can assist it would be appreciated. 

Ellen Mulholland emigrated with her brother Felix to Victoria on board the ship "China" arriving in May 1840. After Maud died she seems to have been involved in the upbringing of the children. Freda (Schollenberger) Hardie would relate how "Granny" would take the children riding in her carriage along with (their Aunts) Lady Wrixon and Lady Bowen.

An extract from Capt. Miller's will is interesting...

I bequeath to my son Henry the sum of Five pounds as a slight token of my affection . and esteem which sum I hope he may lay out in the purchase of a mourning ring or other memento (the amount of this legacy is occasioned by the . of the Legatee being in affluent circumstances). I bequeath to my son Mars Morphett the sum of Five hundred pounds and to my son Charles Moton the sum of four hundred pounds this sum I wish to be paid over to my said son Henry to be by him invested on behalf of my said son Charles Morton and the interest

From Mark Frayne ".. see that in the Victorian Government Gazette of Friday, 17 June 1870 there is an insolvency notice in respect of Charles Morton Miller of Waurn Ponds, near Geelong, grazier, 2nd June."

Scholley Family
Charles Miller Schollenberger chose to change his surname during World War 1. This was common at the time because his surname had Germanic origins. He selected Scholley. His brother Roy changed his name to Sholly. There must be a story to the different spellings. Charles enlisted in the AIF, the Australian Army during the Great War. He was sent to the front in France and there came under a German gas attack. He survived but the effects lingered for the rest of his life. Moving to Sydney he married Minnie Craddock MacCormick. They raised their family in various comfortable suburbs around Sydney Harbour. Charles Miller Scholley conducted his agency business from a Sydney City address.
Search the Australian War Museum site for details

From Mark Frayne "...Mum told me that her father Roy Sholly had gone on the road with his father (Frederick), then a travelling salesman, from quite a young age. My grandfather became a businessman and the family lived in Elwood. I found out today that he was the manager of a firm called Scott and Holladay Ltd of Bourke Street Melbourne. My mother went to school in Windsor. The family moved to Neutral Bay in Sydney. Not sure when, but they were there when the Japanese attacked Sydney Harbour.  "

Roy Sholly

Charles Miller Scholley

A letter from England 1916
Letter from England before
        going to the front 1916
Dear Freda, Norm & Audrey,
Have a few minutes to myself all the other chaps have gone to a garden party at some Lords house. I am staying behind because I have been broke for the last 3 weeks. I haven't even had enough to buy a box of matches let alone smokes. I am living in hopes of getting paid in a coples of weeks time but it is all to go in paying my debts. I tell you it is hard to live on 2/-  a day when you have to pay for your own boots to be mended and pay for washing & soap food etc.
You bounders I have not received a letter from you yet. I think I will die of shock when I get one from you........

Extracts from Interesting Emails

Have tried googling Charles Moreton Miller and came up with your page.  My research has taken me to Charles, but he married my great, great grandmother Ellen Mulholland, after her first husband died.  I have information on Ellen's first husband (and their children).  There were obviously close links between the half siblings because my great grandparents (Samuel & Eliza Gill) used similar names to those of the Miller children for some of their offspring.
Let me know if there is any information that you are interested in as I would be willing to share it with you.
Congratulations on your great page on the Scholley, Schollenberger & Miller families.
Janice Wellard