|The Schollenberger name seems to originate from
Southern Germany and Switzerland. I have sighted a few
photocopied pages from a book titled "Die
Schollenberger von Berg und Buch a/ Irchel". This
text, written in German, details the history of a
Schollenberger family dating from 1258 through to the
1930s. The text, (originals held in Zurich and the LDS
library in Salt Lake City) identifies the family coming
from an area on the Rhine, about 20km. north of Zurich,
near Winterthur. It mentions a Schollenberg castle. And
there is a village called Schollen but this is some
distance away. I cannot make any firm family connection
here as yet..
Other occurrences of the name come from the International Genealogical Index (IGI) showing Schollenberger births and marriages in Southern Germany and Switzerland. Two Schollenbergers emigrated from the town of Kuenzelsau to England in the 1860's. Also the USA records show at least one family settling in Pennsylvania, U.S.A. in the 1700's. The name was mentioned in reference to the German immigrant community. Again no connection, yet.
Concerning the ancestors of Frederick Schollenberger, the earliest record I have is of the marriage of William Schollenberg, a butcher, to Maria Setzer on the 1st Feb. 1844 in the German Lutheran church in Whitechapel, England. William's father was stated to be George, a blacksmith. Maria's father was John Charles Setzer, a butcher.
Several children were born in England before the family
emigrated to the USA. It appears the William became a
successful tanner and leather goods manufacturer in
to a factory plan. Another US History link shows 1877, September 29. Fire
at morocco factory of W. Schollenberger & Sons, S.
W. Corner of Mascher and Putnam Streets; loss,
$250,000. Google for more.
Here in the census records we find that William was
born in Prussia and Maria born in England. Marie's
maiden name is recorded as Staples rather than Setzer,
as previously mentioned. The reason for the name change
remains a mystery. Maybe just a name change, maybe a
The 1880 Census of Phillidelphia shows confusing
Maybe different Williams or maybe a complex family situation.
Frederick arrived in Australia in about 1885. Research
has failed to find his name on shipping lists or why he
emigrated. One source says he was a "shoe salesman",
another "commercial traveler". Frederick married Maud Miller, daughter of
Charles Morton Miller, in Geelong, Victoria in 1888.
Maud Miller died in 1897, aged 27, of consumption only a
year after the birth of her forth child, Charles Miller
born in 1896. The other children were Roy William born
c.1889, Nina Helena born c.1890 and Freda Lenore born
1894. Maud's mother, Ellen "Granny" Miller helped raise
the children. Frederick remarried Isabella McCormack
several years after the death of Maud and one child,
Leonard Cecil is noted. Frederick died in 1921 and is
buried in the Brighton cemetery in a simple grave.
Isabella later remarried an Ebenezer Webb.
From Mark Frayne. "....My mother told me that Frederick was a designer or some such at Wittner's shoes in Melbourne. I have emailed them on the off chance they have historical records, but it might be a bit of a stretch. It makes sense that he was into shoes as the Schollenbergers in Philadelphia seem to have been leather merchants..."
Extract from The LDS Microfiche
|Captain Henry Miller of the
40th Regiment of Foot is one our three ancestors from the
British military. ( The others being Sergeant Major
William Clayton of the 57th Regiment and Joseph Clarke of
the 80th Staffordshire Volunteers Regiment )
He was born in Londonderry, Ireland, the son of
Rev. Henry Miller, Presbyterian minister at Glendermott
(near Londonderry) I cannot identify his mother.
He joined the army in 1799 aged 14. The regiment was in
Egypt in 1800 and South America (Montevideo) in 1807
however I can find no reference to Miller being involved.
In 1808 he married Jane Morphett and in
December is first son, Henry, was born in Londonderry.
Miller was involved in the Napoleonic wars.
Miller stayed on in France with the occupation forces after Waterloo.. His family joined him, his second son Mars being born in Paris.
In 1824 Miller was posted to Australia with his regiment
on garrison and convict guard duties. His family
accompanied him. He was selected to head the first
settlement at Morton Bay, Queensland. He was
dispatched aboard the brig Amity with a small group of
convicts, soldiers, his wife Jane and his two young boys
Henry and Mars. They first settled at Redcliffe
on Morton Bay but after some time and difficult conditions
moved to where now Brisbane city is. After eighteen months
he was replaced, see the note on the Miller page.
Next he was posted to Hobart and later the regiment embarked for India. From India Miller retired and settled back in Hobart. After Jane's death he remarried and lived out his days in Tasmania.
His career spanned major events of British history...if
only he had kept a diary !!!!
The children of Henry & Jane...
Our connection is their third(?) son Charles Morton Miller . He was the second European birth registered in Morton Bay (the settlement that founded Brisbane). See the paragraph below
Capt. Miller's first son, Henry Miller , left his civil service job in Hobart and moved to the new settlement of Melbourne in about 1840. He went on to become Victoria's richest man earning the name "Money Miller". See more detail on Henry "Money" Miller.
Mars Morphett Miller was born in Paris, France in
1818 (during the occupation ?), married Sarah Charlotte
FLEMING in Oatlands, Tasmania and raised his family of
eight in Victoria. Mars was the master of the Melbourne
Grammar School. He died at the age of 77 in 1895 at
Clifton Hill, Vic.
Henrietta Charlotte Miller , married a Hobart
man, John Bisdee, a widower and well known Tasmanian
gentleman. After several years they moved to Someset,
to more in Tasmanian Archives
an extract ... (John Bisdee) then married Henrietta Charlotte (nee Miller) - (1829 - 1909) by whom he had three daughters (Constance, Sarah, Rose) and a son Edward who died in infancy on 20 March 1860....
|The second son of Capt. Miller, Charles Morton Miller, was born in
Redcliffe Queensland 5 Nov 1824 not long after the arrival
of the first settlers. (the other births remembered were
Amity Morton Thompson b. 21 Sep 1924 and Mary or Hannah Cox
b. 1 Mar 1925).
He left his job in the Tasmanian civil service to follow agricultural interests. Around 1850 he moved to Geelong, Victoria. He is noted as a farmer. The property may have been "Victoria Park" at Waurn Ponds. He married a young Irish widow from Tyrone, Ellen Mulholland. They raised a family of six boys and three girls. The second daughter, Maud, went on to marry Frederick Schollenberger. Charles Morton died in South Yarra, Vic in 1897.
I can find little other biographical information on Charles or his other children. The notes mention a Mr Charles Miller of Ballarat. If a reader can assist it would be appreciated.
Ellen Mulholland emigrated with her brother Felix to Victoria on board the ship "China" arriving in May 1840. After Maud died she seems to have been involved in the upbringing of the children. Freda (Schollenberger) Hardie would relate how "Granny" would take the children riding in her carriage along with (their Aunts) Lady Wrixon and Lady Bowen.
An extract from Capt. Miller's will is interesting...
I bequeath to my son Henry the sum of Five pounds as a
slight token of my affection ……. and esteem which sum I
hope he may lay out in the purchase of a mourning ring
or other memento (the amount of this legacy is
occasioned by the …. of the Legatee being in affluent
circumstances). I bequeath to my son Mars Morphett the
sum of Five hundred pounds and to my son Charles Moton
the sum of four hundred pounds this sum I wish to be
paid over to my said son Henry to be by him invested on
behalf of my said son Charles Morton and the interest …
From Mark Frayne ".. see that in the Victorian Government Gazette of Friday, 17 June 1870 there is an insolvency notice in respect of Charles Morton Miller of Waurn Ponds, near Geelong, grazier, 2nd June."
Schollenberger chose to change his surname during
World War 1. This was common at the time because his
surname had Germanic origins. He selected Scholley.
His brother Roy changed his name to Sholly. There
must be a story to the different spellings. Charles
enlisted in the AIF, the Australian Army during the Great
War. He was sent to the front in France and there came
under a German gas attack. He survived but the effects
lingered for the rest of his life. Moving to Sydney he
married Minnie Craddock MacCormick. They raised their
family in various comfortable suburbs around Sydney
Harbour. Charles Miller Scholley conducted his agency
business from a Sydney City address.
Search the Australian War Museum site for details
From Mark Frayne "...Mum told me that her father Roy Sholly had gone on the road with his father (Frederick), then a travelling salesman, from quite a young age. My grandfather became a businessman and the family lived in Elwood. I found out today that he was the manager of a firm called Scott and Holladay Ltd of Bourke Street Melbourne. My mother went to school in Windsor. The family moved to Neutral Bay in Sydney. Not sure when, but they were there when the Japanese attacked Sydney Harbour. "